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About Tanzania

Tanzania has the greatest variety of scenery and wildlife of any country in Africa. Along the northern border with Kenya runs a series of scenic wonders – Mount Kilimanjaro, the Great Rift Valley with its shimmering lakes, the 8,000 foot high Ngorongoro Crater, and continuing westwards the “endless plains” of the Serengeti. All can be enjoyed on a Tanzania safari. Further south there are the vast hardly touched reserves of the Selous, Ruaha and Katavi and westwards the Mahale Mountains where a thousand chimpanzees live in the tropical mountains beside Lake Tanganyika.

You can enjoy a wilderness adventure to northern Tanzania in your own private vehicle with your own guide travelling at the pace you wish, lingering over some beautiful scene, having your guide’s undivided attention before returning to your luxury camp. The Ngorongoro Crater is one of the world’s natural wonders, once a volcano higher even than Kilimanjaro, the centre was cataclysmically blown out leaving a crater 10 miles wide and 1,500 feet deep where you can now see twenty thousand animals. East of Ngorongoro is the rift valley and Lake Manyara, while to the western base begin the vast Serengeti plains where two million wildebeest and zebra make their annual migration in continual search of fresh grassland. The Serengeti is enormous and complex and includes the forested western corridor where you find the huge Grumeti crocodiles. Our Tanzania safaris enable you to stay in a luxury mobile camp which shadows the migration. If you like a challenge and have a good respiratory system let us lead you on an ascent of snow-capped Mount Kilimanjaro. Africa Exclusive will take you on one of the less well known, scenic routes taking maybe a week over the ascent.

Our safaris to southern Tanzania are usually arranged as fly in safaris, linking vast partially explored reserves. Ruaha, a place of wild mountains, plains and rivers sits astride east and central Africa and has over 80 species of mammal and exceptional birdlife. You really have a sense that you are pioneering here, guaranteed to see no other travellers. The wildlife is also not used to seeing people so your guide’s skills are tested as he seeks out the elusive leopard, shy antelope and great buffalo herds. In the Selous, you can ride boats and canoe on the Great Rufiji and can fly camp in a remote part of the reserve, while between June and October immense herds of plains game gather in increasing numbers in the Katavi wetlands.


Tanzania is located in East Africa bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique.


Tanzania covers 365,755 square miles, a little more than twice the size of California.


Dodoma is the official capital, but the commercial capital and largest city is Dar es Salaam.


Close to 50 million people live in Tanzania.

Other Facts

  • Kiswahili is the official language, along with English (primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), and Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar). There are over a hundred local languages spoken throughout Tanzania, including Maa spoken by the Maasai.
  • The Tanzania Shilling (TZS) is the local currency, although US Dollars are widely accepted at tourist lodges and safari camps.
  • The main points of entry from the US are: Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO) which is close to the town of Arusha, and Dar es Salaam (DAR) in southern Tanzania. Zanzibar (ZNZ) is a gateway for regional flights and some European charters.